NBER

Guido Friebel

Goethe University Frankfurt

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Institutional Affiliations: Goethe University Frankfurt and CEPR

NBER Working Papers and Publications

June 2019What Do Employee Referral Programs Do? A Firm-level Randomized Controlled Trial
with Matthias Heinz, Mitchell Hoffman, Nick Zubanov: w25920
Employee referral programs (ERPs) are randomly introduced in a grocery chain. Larger referral bonuses increase referrals and decrease referral quality, though the increase in referrals from having an ERP is modest. However, the overall effect of having an ERP is substantial, reducing attrition by roughly 15% and decreasing firm labor costs by up to almost 3%. This occurs, partly, because referrals stay longer than nonreferrals, but, mainly, because all workers stay longer in treated than control stores, even among stores where no referrals are made. The most-supported mechanism for these indirect effects is that workers value being involved in hiring.
October 2008Insider Privatization and Careers: A Study of a Russian Firm in Transition
with Elena Panova
in The Analysis of Firms and Employees: Quantitative and Qualitative Approaches, Stefan Bender, Julia Lane, Kathryn Shaw, Fredrik Andersson, and Till von Wachter, editors
March 2007Insider Privatization and Careers - A Study of a Russian Firm in Transition
with Elena Panova: w12998
We study how transition has affected human resource policies of a Russian heavy industry firm. Our data set contains personnel files of 1538 white-collar workers over 17 years: from 1984 to 2000. We find career paths before the first year of Gaidar's reforms, 1992, when Russian transition to a market economy began. After 1992, promotions are blocked, because both (i) more managers are hired from the outside, and (ii) fewer managers leave the firm. A possible reason is an extremely weak outsider property rights enforcement in Russia. Keywords: institutional environment and internal labor market, transition to a market economy.

Published: Guido Friebel & Elena Panova & Kathryn Shaw, 2008. "Insider Privatization and Careers: A Study of a Russian Firm in Transition," NBER Chapters, in: The Analysis of Firms and Employees: Quantitative and Qualitative Approaches, pages 253-266 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.

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