Institutional Affiliation: Amherst College
|The Long-Run Impacts of Same-Race Teachers|
with Seth Gershenson, Cassandra M. D. Hart, Constance Lindsay, Nicholas W. Papageorge: w25254
We examine the impact of having a same-race teacher on students' long-run educational attainment. Leveraging random student-teacher pairings in the Tennessee STAR class-size experiment, we find that black students randomly assigned to a black teacher in grades K-3 are 5 percentage points (7%) more likely to graduate from high school and 4 percentage points (13%) more likely to enroll in college than their peers in the same school who are not assigned a black teacher. We document similar patterns using quasi-experimental methods and statewide administrative data from North Carolina. To examine possible mechanisms, we provide a theoretical model that formalizes the notion of “role model effects” as distinct from teacher effectiveness. We envision role model effects as information provision: ...
|The Missing Manual: Using National Student Clearinghouse Data to Track Postsecondary Outcomes|
with Susan M. Dynarski, Steven W. Hemelt: w19552
This paper explores the promises and pitfalls of using National Student Clearinghouse (NSC) data to measure a variety of postsecondary outcomes. We first describe the history of the NSC, the basic structure of its data, and recent research interest in using NSC data. Second, using information from the Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS), we calculate enrollment coverage rates for NSC data over time, by state, institution type, and demographic student subgroups. We find that coverage is highest among public institutions and lowest (but growing) among for-profit colleges. Across students, enrollment coverage is lower for minorities but similar for males and females. We also explore two potentially less salient sources of non-coverage: suppressed student records due to priv...
Published: The Missing Manual Using National Student Clearinghouse Data to Track Postsecondary Outcomes Susan M. Dynarski Steven W. Hemelt, Joshua M. Hyman EDUCATIONAL EVALUATION AND POLICY ANALYSIS May 2015 vol. 37
|Experimental Evidence on the Effect of Childhood Investments on Postsecondary Attainment and Degree Completion|
with Susan Dynarski, Diane Whitmore Schanzenbach: w17533
This paper examines the effect of early childhood investments on college enrollment and degree completion. We use the random assignment in the Project STAR experiment to estimate the effect of smaller classes in primary school on college entry, college choice, and degree completion. We improve on existing work in this area with unusually detailed data on college enrollment spells and the previously unexplored outcome of college degree completion. We find that assignment to a small class increases the probability of attending college by 2.7 percentage points, with effects more than twice as large among blacks. Among students enrolled in the poorest third of schools, the effect is 7.3 percentage points. Smaller classes increase the likelihood of earning a college degree by 1.6 percentage poi...
Published: Experimental Evidence on the Effect of Childhood Investments on Postsecondary Attainment and Degree Completion (with Joshua Hyman and Diane Schanzenbach). 2013. Journal of Policy Analysis and Management 32:4, pp. 692-717 (lead article). Ray Vernon Memorial Prize for best paper in JPAM. citation courtesy of