Institutional Affiliation: International Monetary Fund
|How Firms Use Domestic and International Corporate Bond Markets|
with , , : w17763
This paper provides the first comprehensive documentation of the main features of corporate bond issues in domestic and international markets and analyzes how firms use these markets after they internationalize. We find that debt issues in domestic and international bond markets have different characteristics, not explained by differences across firms or their country of origin. International issues tend to be larger, of shorter maturity, denominated in foreign currency, and include a higher fraction of fixed rate contracts. Moreover, a large proportion of firms remain active in domestic bond markets after accessing international markets, and many of these firms use both markets for different types of issues. This evidence suggests that domestic and international bond markets provide diffe...
|Crisis "Shock Factors" and the Cross-Section of Global Equity Returns|
with , : w16559
We study stock returns over the period of the global financial crisis of 2007-2008 and identify three crisis "shock factors" related to unique features of the crisis: (1) the collapse of global demand, (2) the contraction of credit supply, and (3) selling pressure on firms' equity. All three of these "shock factors" are reflected in large and statistically significant influences on residual equity returns during the crisis period (after controlling for normal risk factors that are associated with expected returns). Similar analysis for the placebo period of August 2005-December 2006 shows that the influences identified during the 2007-2008 sample period are unique to the crisis. A month-by-month analysis shows that the time variation of the importance of each of the shock factors tracks r...