NBER

Martina Kirchberger

Department of Economics
Room 3012, Arts Building
Trinity College Dublin
Dublin 2 Ireland

E-Mail: martina.kirchberger@tcd.ie
Institutional Affiliation: Trinity College Dublin

NBER Working Papers and Publications

October 2017In Search of a Spatial Equilibrium in the Developing World
with Douglas Gollin, David Lagakos: w23916
In most developing countries, there is a large gap in average consumption per capita between urban and rural areas. One appealing interpretation of this gap is that it reflects a spatial equilibrium, in which the higher consumption levels of urban areas are offset by lower non-monetary amenities. In this paper, we draw on new high-resolution evidence to document how non-monetary amenities vary across space within 20 developing countries. We focus on measures of health, public goods, crime and pollution. These vary substantially across locations within countries and can be carefully measured with highly comparable data. We find that in almost all countries, and for almost all measures, the quality of these amenities is non-decreasing in population density. In addition, net internal migratio...

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