Patricia Ruggles

Deputy Assistant Secretary
Office of Human Services Policy
Dept. of Health & Human Svcs.,
Humphrey Bldg. 404E.2, 200 Independence Ave, SW
Washington, DC 20201

Institutional Affiliation: Department of Health & Human Services

NBER Working Papers and Publications

August 1993When Do Women Use AFDC & Food Stamps? The Dynamics of Eligibility vs. Participation
with Rebecca M. Blank: w4429
This paper investigates dynamic patterns in the relationship between eligibility and participation in the AFDC and food stamp programs, using monthly longitudinal data from the Survey of Income and Program Participation. The results indicate that the majority of eligibility spells are relatively short, do not result in program participation, and end with increases in income. Participation is most likely to occur among women with lower current and future earning opportunities, and is also affected by locational and policy parameters. Those who elect to participate in these programs tend to start receiving benefits almost immediately upon becoming eligible. with little evidence of delayed program entry. A substantial number of women exit these programs before their eligibility ends; among at...

Published: Journal of Human Resources, Vol.31, No.1, pp.57-89, Winter 1996.

National Bureau of Economic Research
1050 Massachusetts Ave.
Cambridge, MA 02138

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