Institutional Affiliation: Syracuse University
|Federal Policy and the Rise in Disability Enrollment: Evidence for the VA's Disability Compensation Program|
with Mark Duggan, Robert Rosenheck: w12323
The U.S. Department of Veterans' Affairs (VA) currently provides disability benefits to 2.72 million veterans of U.S. military service through the Disability Compensation (DC) program. Until recently, the medical eligibility criteria for this program were the same across service eras, with the key condition being that the disability was caused or aggravated by military service. But in July of 2001, the VA relaxed the eligibility criteria for Vietnam veterans by including diabetes in the list of conditions covered by DC. This change was motivated by an Institute of Medicine report, which linked exposure to Agent Orange and other herbicides used by the U.S. military in Vietnam, to the onset of diabetes. In this paper, we investigate the impact of this policy change on DC enrollment, expe...
|Aching to Retire? The Rise in the Full Retirement Age and its Impact on the Disability Rolls|
with Mark Duggan, Jae Song: w11811
The Social Security Amendments of 1983 reduced the generosity of Social Security retired worker benefits in the U.S. by increasing the program's full retirement age from 65 to 67 and increasing the penalty for claiming benefits at the early retirement age of 62. These changes were phased in gradually, so that individuals born in or before 1937 were unaffected and those born in 1960 or later were fully affected. No corresponding changes were made to the program's disabled worker benefits, and thus the relative generosity of Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) benefits increased. In this paper, we investigate the effect of the Amendments on SSDI enrollment by exploiting variation across birth cohorts in the policy-induced reduction in the present value of retired worker benefits. ...
Published: Duggan, Mark, Perry Singelton and Jae Song. "Aching to Retire? The Rise in the Full Retirement Age and it's Impact on the Disability Rolls." Journal of Public Economics 91, 7 (August 2007): 1327-50.