NBER

Prasada Rao

School of Economics
University of Queensland
St. Lucia, QLD 4072 Australia

E-Mail: d.rao@uq.edu.au
Institutional Affiliation: University of Queensland

NBER Working Papers and Publications

January 2012Who Shrunk China? Puzzles in the Measurement of Real GDP
with Robert C. Feenstra, Hong Ma, J. Peter Neary: w17729
The latest World Bank estimates of real GDP per capita for China are significantly lower than previous ones. We review possible sources of this puzzle and conclude that it reflects a combination of factors, including substitution bias in consumption, reliance on urban prices which we estimate are higher than rural ones, and the use of an expenditure-weighted rather than an output-weighted measure of GDP. Taking all these together, we estimate that real per-capita GDP in China was 50% higher relative to the U.S. in 2005 than the World Bank estimates.

Published: Robert C. Feenstra & Hong Ma & J. Peter Neary & D.S. Prasada Rao, 2013. "Who Shrunk China? Puzzles in the Measurement of Real GDP," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 123(12), pages 1100-1129, December. citation courtesy of

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