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The NBER distributes research findings in various ways, ensuring that we reach the widest possible audience.
The NBER working paper series includes over 1000 papers each year, authored by leading research economists, on a wide variety of topics. These papers are circulated prior to publication for comment and discussion. The working paper series began in 1973, and now includes more than 24,000 papers. Most of the older entries have been published in academic journals.
Subscribers may elect to subscribe to all papers, or to a subset of papers in one or more subfields of economics. The NBER's research activities are divided into twenty programs, each corresponding to a major sub-field in economics. Pricing for each program is related to the typical number of papers that are distributed in that program during the year. A single paper may be listed in multiple programs.
Subscription Information, Working Paper Series
Ordering Single Working Papers
Full texts of all working papers that were distributed more than 18 months ago are available at no charge in electronic form. More recent papers are available at no charge to students, faculty, and employees at subscribing firms and institutions, to NBER Corporate Associates, subscribers to the full paper series, to journalists, to employees of the U.S. federal government, and to residents of nations with per capita GDP of less than $35,000 (2017).
Working papers distributed within the last 18 months may be purchased for $5.00 per copy in electronic form or $10.00 each in hard copy. (For hard copy orders sent outside the continental U.S., a flat $10.00 postage and handling charge will be added per order.)
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The Digest is a monthly publication that summarizes at least four recent and newsworthy NBER Working Papers. Professional journalists write these summaries for a non-technical audience. The Bureau sends nearly 12,000 copies of the Digest each month to readers in government, business, universities, and the media. The NBER Digest is available in hard copy to the general public upon request.
The Reporter is a quarterly publication that reviews broad areas of NBER research and activity. The Reporter also includes reviews of recent NBER conferences and a list of all recent NBER Working Papers. The Bureau sends this publication to nearly 10,000 subscribers.